Mother Audley E. Moore
Of A Warrior Woman
December 6 and 7, 1991, the Department of
Studies at Kent State University dedicated the entire
third floor of the Center of Pan-African
Culture to Queen Mother Audley E. Moore, a "Warrior Woman," born on
July 27, 1898, who devoted her life to active struggle on behalf of all
people of African descent. She was honored for having organized on many
fronts, from the great influenza epidemic of 1918 in Muscle Shoals,
where she worked as a volunteer nurse, to the United Nations, where she
presented petitions in the 1950s charging genocide and demanding
to descendants of former slaves.
was born as Audley to Ella and St. Cry Moore
on July 27, 1898 in New Iberia, Louisiana. Her grandmother, Nora Henry,
was born into slavery, the daughter of an African woman who was raped
her slave master who was a doctor. Her grandfather was lynched before
wife's eyes leaving Nora Henry with five orphaned children of whom Ella
Johnson — mother of Queen Mother Moore — was the youngest. Ella died in
Mother Moore completed only the third grade
of her formal education. Her struggles began at the tender age of
fighting the advances of white men in the South . . . Queen Mother has
been struggling for seventy-seven years for the human and civil rights
of all African people throughout the world which makes her our warrior
queen and a living legend. At
the grand old age of ninety-eight, she continues to make her home in
of her efforts — to help our struggle to
take us towards self-determination, acquisition of our inheritance in
and our just claim for reparations from the United States government —
are documented below:
founder and president
of the Universal Association of Ethiopian Women, she is a life member
both the Universal Negro Improvement Association and the National
Council of Negro Women. She joined Marcus
Mosiah Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association and
Communities League (UNIA) while living in Louisiana. She participated
Garvey's first international convention in New York City, owned stock
the Black Star Line, and came to New York when the UNIA launched the
Star Line's first ship.
- She is
Federation of African
People, Inc. She is founder and president of the Universal Association
of Ethiopian Women, Inc. which led a successful fight to restore 23,000
families to the welfare rolls after they had been ruthlessly cut off by
Louisiana authorities. She is the founder of the Committee for
for Descendants of U.S. Slaves. She is a founding member of the
of New Africa to fight for self-determination, land, and reparations.
is founder of Mt. Addis Ababa, Inc., envisioned as a facility to
embrace the cultural, educational, and industrial needs of her people.
Through Mr. Roscoe Bradley, her executive vice president, this
located at Mt. Addis Ababa, Box 244, Parksville, NY 12768, taught
of children African music, dance, and culture.
- She is Bishop of
the Apostolic Orthodox
Judea. She is a founding member of the Commission to Eliminate
Council of Churches of Greater New York. In organizing this commission,
she staged a twenty-four-hour sit-in for three weeks. She is a founder
of the African American Cultural Foundation, Inc., which led the fight
against usage of the slave term "Negro."
- She joined the
Republican Party, found
left and joined the Communist Party to fight the Scottsboro Boys'
She led the fight to end Jim Crow in big league baseball. She organized
the community with Captain Hugh Mulzac as chairman and the Reverend
Clayton Powell, Jr. as co-chairman. Later realizing the fallacy in
she apologized to her people. She resigned from the Communist Party in
disillusionment after they changed their position on self-determination
in the South's Black Belt.
- She led protests
against the Apollo
Theatre for showing
racist shows and led protests against the Alhambra Theatre for showing
a white man as Hannibal.
She helped organize CIO unions and the Work Progress Administration.
forced the WPA to employ black women on sewing projects who were
relegated to domestic work. She also tried to organize a domestic
union. She was arrested three times during her struggle-first for
the rights of our children to use the public Colonial Park pool without
bringing along their birth certificates; another time for defending a
from arrest for selling tomatoes to support his seven little children;
the third time for trying to register people to vote in Green County,
- She led the fight
the Reverend Ethelring Brown, and Ludlow Werner to get a congressional
district in Harlem in the 1930s. She helped to organize the Maritime
under Ferdinand Smith. She also led the fight to break Jim Crow policy
in the Coast Guard and became the first black stewardess to be hired.
helped stranded seamen in London and held a mass meeting in 1946 in a
lobby in London for the management's refusal of accommodations due to
She campaigned for medical aid and funds for Ethiopia after the
attacked. She organized 500 nurses to sterilize sheets which were
from laundries for bandages for the wounded Ethiopian soldiers.
- She investigated
the condition of our
ages twelve to fourteen, who gave birth while in a mental institution
Louisiana. The girls had been raped by their white male attendants. She
was encouraged by Dr. A.L. Reddick and Dr. Mary McLeod Bethune, both of
whom were eminent educators, to take to public speaking in defense of
people's liberty. Before this she only spoke at street meetings from a
box or a ladder on the corner of 125th Street and 7th Avenue. She
the first rent strike on Sugar Hill in 1930 and restored tenants to
apartments after having been evicted. She supported the Mau Mau
in Kenya and took a delegation to the British Embassy to protest the
given to the Mau Mau to surrender or be annihilated.
- She fought to save
from execution the
Seven and helped to organize street meetings and demonstrations. She
to free Mae Mallory imprisoned for defending herself from an attack of
the KKK in Monroe, North Carolina. She presented a petition to the
Nations in 1957 for self-determination and against genocide. She
a second petition in 1959 to the United Nations for land and
She toured throughout the country by car in 1962 begging gas from gas
to gas station to alarm our people to prepare for our Emancipation
Centennial by presenting a judicial document for reparations and
proclaiming us a non-self-governing nation.
- She organized a
soup kitchen in Harlem
students after learning two students had died from malnutrition after
received their Ph.D. She also helped to organize Africa House in New
City with Mrs. Mattie Hunter for African students. She participated in
the North American Regional Planning Conference (held at Kent State
in 1973) leading up to the Sixth Pan-African Congress. In 1974, she
this international Congress in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. This Congress
the first ever international meeting of African people held on the soil
of Mother Africa. She, at the request of Dr. Mary McLeod Bethune,
a life member of the National Council of Negro Women. She is the
and president of the Harriet Tubman Association. She helped to organize
the Unemployed Councils when millions were on the brink of starvation.
She presented a demand for reparations to President Kennedy which
him to say: "Ask not what this country can do for you, but what you can
do for it."
mentioned earlier, the above represents only "some"
of the activities in which Queen Mother Moore has been involved for the
past seventy or more years. We are, therefore, very much honored to
her in our presence and to take time out to honor this great African
Queen Mother Audley E. Moore, a
life-long "Warrior Woman," died on May 2, 1997, at the age of 99. We
miss her. May she rest in eternal peace.
Data" was prepared by the Honorable Dr. Deloise Naewoaang Blakely,
Mayor of Harlem, New York, 1993.